Publication details

Title
Prevalencia de desnutricion en afectados de esclerosis multiple que reciben tratamiento rehabilitador en los hospitales de dia de la Fundacio Esclerosi Multiple. [Prevalence of malnutrition in affected multiple sclerosis receiving rehabilitation trea
Authors
Zabay Neiro,C.;Sanchez Pous,S.;Casalilla Puertolas,M.
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Introduction Malnutrition is currently a serious problem which can lead to significant clinic and economic consequences. There is little in the literature on malnutrition in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is largely related to the presence of dysphagia, and contemplates its appearance in very advanced stages of the disease. General objective To determine the prevalence of malnutrition in MS patients having neuro-rehabilitation treatment in the day hospital of the Fundacion Esclerosis Multiple. Specific objective To determine how many patients affected by malnutrition receive a specific nutritional treatment Method Based on an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study, a sample of 150 MS patients was selected. Demographic and clinic data, as well as a malnutrition Scale, were collected from each patient Results In the study, 20.4% had a satisfactory nutritional condition, 69.3% had a threat of malnutrition, and 10.3% were malnourished. Nutritional intervention was performed in 71.42% of the malnourished patients. According to the MNA scale, of all malnourished patients: 28.58% did not receive any treatment, 35.71% have a nutritional supplement, and 35.71% receive dietary advice. Conclusions Malnutrition is a major problem in MS patients, as only 20.4% of the sample had a satisfactory nutritional status. It seems that there may be a relationship between the degree of disability and the occurrence of this problem, in patients with low levels of disabilities there are no cases of malnutrition. If we take into account the symptom of dysphagia observed in 76.92% of patients without dysphagia are at risk of malnutrition or are malnourished. This fact opens the door to look for other symptoms or situations that have a negative impact on health status. (copyright) 2013 Sociedad Espanola de Enfermeria Neurologica. Publicado por Elsevier Espana, S.L. Todos los derechos reservados.
Journals
Rev Cient Soc Esp Enferm Neurol.
Volume
38
Issue
1
Startpage
42-
Endpage
47
Booktitle
Editors
City
Publisher
Issnisbn
Reflist
0
Doi
doi:10.1016/j.sedene.2013.06.001
Pmid
Keywords
article;cross-sectional study;day hospital;descriptive research;human;major clinical study;malnutrition;multiple sclerosis;observational study;rehabilitation; assessment; screening; multiple sclerosis; malnutrition; dysphagia; evaluaci├│n; cribado; esclero????
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