Publication details

Title
Physical performance of older people in the Czech Republic-The pilot and validation study using Short Physical Performance Battery.
Authors
Berkova,M.;Topinkova,E.;Madlova,P.;Klan,J.;Vlachova,M.;Belacek,J.
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Introduction.- The physical performance is the most reliable health indicator in older people. The important task for geriatric medicine is to detect older individuals in the risk of frailty. Aim and method.- The aim of the study was to translate/backtranslate the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) into Czech language and perform validation and feasibility study in the sample of Czech elderly persons. Correlations of SPPB and cognitive (MMSE), nutritional (MNA) and self-care activities (ADL) were performed, internal consistency of SPPB items was calculated. Results.- The study group included 145 persons, mean age 80.4(plus or minus)8.5 years (74.5%women) in the full range of SPPB score (0-12). The distribution of fit, pre-frail and frail subjects was 24.1%, 14.5% and 61.4% respectively. Statistically significant correlations were found between SPPB scores and MNA, ADL and MMSE - (Spearman correlation (beta)= 0.51, 0.53 and 0.38 respectively, for all P < 0.001). Dividing the whole cohort into 3 age-related groups ((greater-than or equal to)75 years, 76-85 and 86-101 years of age) the most significant correlations were found between SPPB and MNA, ADL and MMSE in the youngest age group ((beta)= 0.74, 0.79 and 0.64 respectively) and diminished with increasing age. The internal consistency was high with Cronbach's (beta)= 0.821. Conclusion.- SPPB seems to be an useful test for comprehensive geriatric evaluation as it provides additional information correlated but not identical to those recommended for geriatric evaluation in the Czech Republic such as cognitive, nutritional and ADLs. It may be used for evaluation of physical performance and as a proxy measure for physical frailty.
Journals
Eur Geriatr Med.
Volume
4
Issue
1
Startpage
S85
Endpage
[Poster P214, 9th Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS), Venice, Italy, October 2-4, 2013]
Booktitle
Editors
City
Publisher
Issnisbn
1878-7649
Reflist
0
Doi
doi:10.1016/j.eurger.2013.07.278
Pmid
Keywords
physical performance;human;European Union;Czech Republic;validation study;geriatrics;society;internal consistency;aged;language;feasibility study;health;self care;groups by age;female;custody;risk;Mini Mental State Examination
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