Publication details

Title
The geriatric depression scores on nutritional status, cognitive abilities and anthropometric indices in elderly population of Shiraz, Iran.
Authors
Ahmadi,S. M.;Keshavarzi,S.;Refahi,Z.;Lankarani,K. B.
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Background: Malnutrition and depression are highly prevalent in the elderly and can lead to unfavorable outcomes. The Aims of current study were to determine the association between malnutrition and depression and also to find any correlation of depression with some anthropometric indices, cognitive abilities in free living elderly residents of Shiraz, Iran. Methods: Using cluster sampling in a cross-sectional design, 337 elderly subjects (193 females) participated in this study. Depressive symptoms and nutritional status were determined by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores questionnaires respectively. Anthropometric indices were measured all in standard situations. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated for linear relations between variables. Results: From the total subjects entered the study, 43.62% were depressed which 48.01% of them were malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. GDS had a significant negative dependence with the MNA for the entire sample (r = -0.58, p-value<0.0001). However, there was no significant correlation between age and GDS or MNA scores. Moreover, the mean GDS scores differed significantly between men and women (p-value<0.05), and prevalence of depression was higher among women. Depression as it may slow the rate of decline in cognitive and motor abilities Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed high prevalence of depression and malnutrition among old subjects. Moreover, Depression was associated with worsening of nutritional status. The mechanism of this association needs further study.
Journals
J Psychophysiol.
Volume
27
Issue
1
Startpage
63
Endpage
[Poster Session 1, Lifestyle, occupation, disease, interventions; Poster 27, Abstracts of the International Conference “Aging & Cognition”: Dortmund, Germany, April 25–27, 2013]
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Reflist
0
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Keywords
nutritional status;anthropometry;aged;human;population;Iran;aging;cognition;malnutrition;female;prevalence;statistical significance;cross-sectional study;male;correlation coefficient;sampling;questionnaire;risk;nutritional assessment;Geriatric Depression ????
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