Publication details

Title
Nutrition assessment in advanced heart failure patients evaluated for ventricular assist devices or cardiac transplantation.
Authors
Aggarwal,A.;Kumar,A.;Gregory,M. P.;Blair,C.;Pauwaa,S.;Tatooles,A. J.;Pappas,P. S.;Bhat,G.
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Background: Malnutrition has been shown to affect clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of malnutrition and to assess its prognostic significance in patients with advanced heart failure (AHF) (being evaluated for left ventricular assist device [LVAD] or cardiac transplant) based on nutrition status as assessed by the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 154 patients. During evaluation, a complete nutrition assessment was performed, and diagnosis of malnutrition and risk of malnutrition was done with the MNA. Its possible independent association with mortality was assessed. Results: The mean (SD) age of the patients was 59.3 (14.1) years, with 76% men. Twenty-two percent were classified as malnourished, 68% at risk of malnutrition, and 10% well nourished. The mortality in the 3 groups was 26.5%, 42.0%, and 6.7%, respectively (P =.02). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the undernutrition state (malnourished + at risk) was an independent predictor of mortality (odds ratio, 7.9; confidence interval, 1.01-62.30; P =.04). Conclusions: The state of undernutrition is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with AHF. Early recognition of undernutrition through use of the MNA may affect the long-term prognosis of these patients by enabling early intervention. (copyright) 2012 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.
Journals
Nutr Clin Prac.
Volume
28
Issue
1
Startpage
112-
Endpage
119
Booktitle
Editors
City
Publisher
Issnisbn
0884-5336
Reflist
0
Doi
doi:10.1177/0884533612457948
Pmid
PMID: 23054394
Keywords
adult;advanced heart failure;article;controlled study;female;heart failure;heart transplantation;human;major clinical study;male;malnutrition;Mini Nutritional Assessment;mortality;nutritional assessment;risk factor;ventricular assist device
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