Publication details

Title
Dementia and Nutrition. Intervention study in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer disease.
Authors
Gil GP, Ramirez Diaz SP, Ribera Casado JM
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To know nutritional status of a group of institutionalized patients with moderate Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and to ascertain the effects of an intervention with nutritional supplements on morbidity and mortality after one year follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 99 patients (mean age: 86.5 years), 80 women, with a diagnosis of AD according with NINCDS/ADRDA criteria, were recruited from 8 nursing-homes. 25 were included in an intervention group and received a nutritional supplements along 12 months. Evolution was evaluated according to the Functional Assessment Staging Test (FAST). Patients with FAST levels 5-6 were included. General clinical variables as well as variables reflecting cognitive state and nutritional status: anthropometric, biochemical data and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were analysed. Statistical analysis was carry out with the SPSS 10.0 package. RESULTS: Mean time since diagnosis was 49 months, with a 20.2 months duration of institutionalization. Mean value of MNA was 20.1 3.5. 16.5% of patients had a BMI equal o lower than 21. After one year the intervention group showed higher levels of albumin (P=05), pre-albumin (P=05), iron (P=01), zinc (P=05), and beta-carotene (P=05) than the control group. The same response in BMI (P=05), MNA (P=05), and triceps skinfold (P=01). Mortality was lower (16% vs. 22.7%), without statistical significance, in the intervention group, as it was the number of infectious events (47% vs. 66% P=05), and the days in bed (7.5 2.1 vs. 17.3 5.6 P=05). CONCLUSION: Nutritional supplements applied to a group of patients with AD living in nursing-homes can reduce morbidity and mortality after one year follow-up
Journals
J Nutr Health Aging.
Volume
7
Issue
5
Startpage
304-
Endpage
308
Booktitle
Editors
City
Publisher
Issnisbn
Reflist
23
Doi
doi:
Pmid
Keywords
Aged;Aged,80 and over;Alzheimer Disease;mortality;physiopathology;prevention & control;Anthropometry;Blood Chemical Analysis;Dietary Supplements;Disease Progression;Female;Humans;Institutionalization;Intervention Studies;Male;Nutrition Assessment;Nutritio????
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