MNA® Literature Database

Welcome to the MNA® Literature Database.  Here you will find valuable information on the extensive research that supports use of the MNA® in the elderly.  Currently there are more than 1100 published research articles that reference the MNA®.  Access links to abstracts of all MNA® articles and references cited on the website using the search function, e.g. select “Abstract” and enter a keyword to search abstracts.

Total Records Found: 1162, showing 10 per page
Link to details 269
Title Assessing the nutritional status of the elderly: The Mini Nutritional Assessment as part of the geriatric evaluation.
Abstract
Authors Guigoz Y, Vellas B, Garry PJ
Publication Year 1996
Journals Nutr Rev.
Volume 54
Issue
Startpage S59-
Endpage S65
Doi doi:
Link to details 270
Title Nutrition and Alzheimer's disease.
Abstract Alzheimer's disease begins with cognitive deficiencies that gradually become worse with the extension of cerebral lesions. Other troubles arise such as loss of independence, orientation impairments, disordered eating behavior, and weight loss. This weight loss increases the risk of infections, skin ulcers, and falls and consequently decreases quality of life in Alzheimer's patients. Various hypotheses (increased energy expenditure, mesial temporal cortex atrophy) were suggested to explain weight loss. We set up a Health Promotion Program that aims to prevent weight loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease. This program uses various tools (nutrition calendar, Mini Nutritional Assessment, nutrition education sessions) described in this article
Authors Riviere S, Gillette-Guyonnet S, Nourhashemi F, Vellas B
Publication Year 1996
Journals Nutr Rev.
Volume 57
Issue 12
Startpage 363-
Endpage 367
Doi doi:
Link to details 302
Title Un nuevo instrumento para la valoración nutricional en geriatría: el 'Mini Nutritional Assessment' (MNA).
Abstract
Authors Salva A, Bolibar I, Munoz M, Sacritan V
Publication Year 1996
Journals Rev Gerontol.
Volume 6
Issue
Startpage 319-
Endpage 328
Doi doi:
Link to details 318
Title Évaluation nutritionnelle du sujet âgé. Un test validé: le mini nutritional assessment (MNA). [Nutritional evaluation of the elderly patient. A much used test: the mini-nutritional assessment (MNA)].
Abstract
Authors Lauque S, Faisant C, Bourdille S, Vellas B, Albarede JL
Publication Year 1996
Journals Soins Gerontol.
Volume
Issue 2
Startpage 25-
Endpage 27
Doi doi:
Link to details 93
Title Anorexia in older persons: epidemiology and optimal treatment.
Abstract Anorexia and weight loss are common findings in older persons. Over a life-time, normal persons decrease their food intake to counterbalance the decrease in physical activity and resting metabolic rate that occurs with aging. This physiological anorexia of aging increases the propensity to develop pathological anorexia and weight loss when an older person develops either a medical or psychological illness. The physiological anorexia of aging is due to a decreased opioid (dynorphin) feeding drive and an increase in the satiating effect of the gastrointestinal hormone, cholecystokinin. Nitric oxide deficiency may play a role in the early satiation commonly seen in older persons. A variety of social, psychological and medical conditions can lead to pathological anorexia. Depression is the most common cause of weight loss and anorexia in older persons. A number of conditions such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis produce their anorectic and wasting effects by releasing cytokines. An idiopathic pathological senile anorexia has been characterised which also appears to be a cytokine-dependent syndrome. Early screening for malnutrition is a cornerstone of the management of anorexia; the Mini Nutritional Assessment is a well validated screening tool available for this purpose. Aggressive use of caloric supplements, enteral tube feeding and peripheral parenteral nutrition all have a role in the early management of anorexia. Numerous drugs (growth hormone, megestrol, cyproheptadine, tetrahydrocannabinol, anabolic steroids, prokinetic agents and antidepressants) have been utilised to treat the anorexia of aging with varying success
Authors Morley JE
Publication Year 1996
Journals Drugs Aging.
Volume 8
Issue 2
Startpage 134-
Endpage 155
Doi doi:
Link to details 229
Title Test d'évaluation de l'etat nutritionnel de la personne âgée : le Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). [Test to assess the nutritional status of the elderly The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)].
Abstract
Authors Guigoz Y, Vellas B
Publication Year 1995
Journals Med Hyg.
Volume 53
Issue
Startpage 1965-
Endpage 1969
Doi doi:
Link to details 336
Title Nutritional Assessment as part of the geriatric evaluation.
Abstract
Authors Vellas B, Guigoz Y
Publication Year 1995
Journals
Volume
Issue
Startpage 179-
Endpage 194
Doi doi:
Link to details 344
Title Current perspective on assessment of human body proportions of relevance to amputees.
Abstract Weights of segmental components of the human body are important when evaluating the nutritional status of an amputee. Original standards for components were compiled in 1889 using three male cadavers. Since that time, studies of living subjects have shown men and women to be similar in percentage weight of body components. Cadaver data from 1955 and 1969, which were based on 21 male subjects, showed that human bodies carry greater weight in the head and torso and less weight in legs and arms than indicated by the earlier data. Some differences in component weight may be attributable to ethnicity and aging, but further research is needed to define these differences. The 1955 and 1969 data--whether the result of larger sample size, ethnic differences, or actual change in human body proportions over a 60-year period--are different from the standards for body proportions in the 1889 data, which are presently used, and should be incorporated into the assessment of weight status of amputees
Authors Osterkamp LK
Publication Year 1995
Journals J Am Diet Assoc.
Volume 95
Issue 2
Startpage 215-
Endpage 218
Doi doi:
Link to details 24
Title Reduced nutritional status in an elderly population (> 70 y) is probable before disease and possibly contributes to the development of disease.
Abstract In this prospective study of elderly people, nutritional status (body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, arm-muscle circumference, and serum albumin) was assessed in a group of recently hospitalized (< 48 h) patients (n = 311), and compared with a home-living group (n = 106). Undernutrition was present in 52.9% of males and 60.6% of females by the time of admission to the hospital. Further, 65% of the males and 69% of the females had an insufficient energy intake the month before hospitalization [males < 8372 kJ (2000 kcal) and females < 7116 kJ (1700 kcal)]. Intake of vitamins and trace elements below two-thirds of the US recommended dietary allowances was more common in the hospital group. This group was more often unable to buy food and cook dinner, had more chewing problems, and had reduced appetite for food. Reduced nutrient and energy intakes may increase the occurrence of undernutrition, with increased risk for hospitalization in vulnerable groups as a consequence.
Authors Mowe M, Bohmer T, Kindt E
Publication Year 1994
Journals Am J Clin Nutr.
Volume 59
Issue 2
Startpage 317-
Endpage 24
Doi doi:
Link to details 368
Title Nutrition and aging. Chapter 5 in Geriatric Clinical Chemistry reference values. W.R. Faulkner and S. Meites (eds).
Abstract
Authors Garry PJ
Publication Year 1994
Journals American Association for Clinical Chemistry Press, Washington 1994.
Volume
Issue
Startpage
Endpage
Doi doi: